Swollen blood vessels appearing just under the skin of your lower body are called varicose veins. This happens when your vein walls are weak. This leads to improper functioning of valves for blood backup in your vein.
Varicose veins are not dangerous for most people although they can be unsightly and uncomfortable. But it can lead to blood clots in some serious cases.
While anyone can get varicose veins, there are no. of factors that can increase the chances of varicose veins development. These are:
Standing or sitting for long duration can lead to varicose vein development as it leads to decreased circulation of blood.
Varicose veins can be inherited from family.
Pregnant women or women taking birth control pills may develop varicose veins.
Ageing leads to decreased performance of vein walls and valves.
Varicose veins are identified by a twisted, blue or purple vein just beneath the skin’s surface. Other symptoms include:
Varicose veins can create brown discolorations on your skin if left untreated. Venous ulcers (sores) on your skin can be caused by severe varicose veins.
Leg muscles, especially after physical exertion, may feel fatigued, heavy, or sluggish.
Varicose vein is a cause of varicocele, a condition in which veins bulge. The weak walls of your vein enable it to expand when blood pressure rises. The valves that keep blood flowing in one direction in your vein are unable to function properly when your vein expands. Sluggish blood causes your veins to expand, bulge, and twist as it collects at the rear of your veins.
For a variety of causes, vein walls and valves might weaken.
Near the surface of your skin, varicose veins may be easily seen. The disorder may be diagnosed via a physical examination by healthcare practitioners. Your veins will be felt and examined while you are both seated and standing.
An ultrasound may be recommended by your doctor if they want to inspect your veins up close and check for any issues. Sound waves are used to create images of the tissues within your body during this painless and safe procedure. Blood clots and the health of your heart valves may be detected with ultrasounds.
Although varicose veins cannot be cured, these procedures may lessen their appearance and alleviate their symptoms:
Varicose veins may recur in half of those who have surgical stripping, and endovenous ablation can cause them as well.
The following are possible adverse effects:
Side effects of sclerotherapy include the following:
Sclerotherapy may cause new varicose veins to form, which necessitates a course of treatment.
Varicose veins may not be preventable. Living a healthy, active lifestyle may lower your risk of having them. Varicose veins may be prevented and treated using many of the same methods that are recommended by doctors:
Most of the time, varicose veins aren’t hazardous or harmful to your health in the long run. Most persons with varicose veins are worried about how they seem. They may feel some pain, but no long-term problems result.
The vast majority of pregnancies end with varicose veins disappearing within two or three weeks following the birth of your child. After therapy, varicose veins may return in some patients.