In vitro fertilisation is a process to join a man’s sperm and a woman’s egg in a laboratory dish. The meaning of this term is fertilisation outside the body.
In normal cases, the egg gets fertilised inside the woman’s body. But in some cases, due to various reasons, the process of fertilisation could not happen inside a woman’s body. IVF is done in these cases. This method of fertilisation is preferred when other less effective methods fail.
According to SART(Society of Assisted Reproductive Technologies), after IVF the approximate chances of giving birth to a live baby are:
It is done to treat infertility. IVF helps in making women pregnant. Some reasons to undergo IVF are:
Medicines are given to the woman to increase egg production. These medicines are called fertility drugs. These fertility drugs tell the ovaries to produce more eggs. Usually, the ovary produces one egg per month. In this process, the woman has to undergo various transvaginal ultrasounds.
Eggs are removed from the female body by follicular aspiration.
During insemination, the man’s sperm are placed together with the best quality eggs. Normally, sperm start fertilising the egg within a few hours. If the doctor observes any problem in fertilisation, he/she may inject the sperm directly into the eggs.
After fertilisation, the egg becomes an embryo. The doctors and nurses observe the embryo to check if its growth is proper or not.
Couples who have genetic disorders have the option of getting a pre-implantation diagnosis.
After about 3 to 5 days of egg retrieval and fertilisation, the embryo is transferred to the woman’s womb. If the embryo implants in the lining of the womb and starts growing, the woman becomes pregnant.
The couples who are facing infertility issues have to deal with a lot of stress and depression. On top of that, getting IVF done is an expensive affair. The couple needs physical and emotional energy to get this done. It is a time-consuming process.
Women who are taking IVF medicines have to face a lot of side effects like bloating and abdominal pain. In some cases, there is excessive fluid buildup in the chest and abdomen.
In severe cases, the woman might need to be hospitalised to drain these fluids with needles.
The risk of multiple pregnancies is also there. When more than one embryo is placed into the womb, there might be more than one baby. This may cause premature birth and low birth weight.
After the completion of embryo transfer, the woman may be asked to take a rest for the remaining day.
Women are required to take daily shots or pills after embryo transfer to boost the production of progesterone hormone. This hormone helps in building the lining of the womb which the embryo sticks to. Daily shots or pills may be taken for 8 to 12 weeks after the embryo transfer.
The pregnancy test is done after 12-14 days of embryo transfer. If a woman undergoing IVF experiences a high fever, pelvic pain, heavy bleeding from the vagina, she should contact the doctor immediately.
The decision of going for or not going for IVF is very tough and complicated. Making it successful in the very first attempt is also the main focus of the couple. IVF requires a lot of mental and physical energy. Add to it the high cost of getting it done. You should discuss thoroughly with your doctor about the whole process.
At ShantiRaj hospital, we have an experienced team of doctors who can help you in deciding whether you should go for an IVF or not. We have state-of-the-art equipments and infrastructure required for the treatment. Our experienced and qualified staff ensures safe and convenient IVF treatment.