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Hemorrhoids & Fissure


Hemorrhoids are a medical condition that involves swelling of the lower rectum or anus. They are frequently associated with constipation, straining during bowel movements, and a hard stool called a megarectum.

Common places to get hemorrhoid symptoms include the anal canal or rectal region. The Hemorrhoidal tissue is tight and painful. The enlarged veins in the skin around the anus appear swollen or pale blue. The bleeding when stool passes through these veins is bright red.

The inflammation around the anus or rectum may cause pain. Anal fissures: This is an injury or tears in the skin around the anus or rectum (called anal strictures) caused by low-impact activities such as sitting for long periods of time and pooping. Although hemorrhoids are sometimes referred to as “piles,” they aren’t necessarily related to the veins in your legs. Instead, they’re swollen veins in an area of your body that often leads to anal bleeding and itching. Hemorrhoids can be hereditary, but they can also arise due to weakened muscles around your anus.


  • Change in lifestyle.
  • Not exercising regularly and doing other things such as eating more than your normal daily intake.
  • straining during bowel movements, sitting for long periods, and standing too much.
  • Due to constipation, pregnancy, and old age.
  • Being overweight or Obese
  • Regularly lifting heavy objects
  • A persistent cough or repeated vomiting

Preventing and Treating

Symptoms of hemorrhoids frequently go away on their own after a few days. During pregnancy, hemorrhoids frequently get better after giving birth.

To lessen the stress on the blood vessels in and around your anus, changing your way of life is frequently advised. These may incorporate:

  • progressively upping the amount of fiber in your diet – Good sources of fiber include fruits, vegetables, wholegrain rice, wholewheat pasta and bread, pulses and beans, seeds, nuts, and oats.
  • Water is very important to consume in large amounts, although caffeine and alcohol should be avoided or limited.
  • staying on schedule when using the restroom When you don’t go to the bathroom when you feel the urge, your stools will become harder and drier, which will cause you to strain.
  • Removing constipating medications from the body, such as codeine-containing painkillers.
  • shedding pounds
  • Regular exercise helps lower blood pressure, avoid constipation and aid in weight loss.

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