An anal fissure develops in the lining of the large intestine near the anus. It is a kind of ulcer, causing pain in bowel movements. Most of these heal in a week or two. If the fissure doesn’t heal even after 8 – 12 days, visiting a doctor is recommended.
The main cause of anal fissure is an injury in the anal canal. It can happen when:
The most common symptoms of an anal fissure include:-
Most of the time the patients can tell if they are having anal fissures. In some cases, the doctor might suggest some tests including:
While anal fissures are generally not associated with any serious disease, cancer of the anus may mimic anal fissure. Complications of an anal fissure include:
Usually, medication is provided to reduce pain and increase the healing speed. Medicines may include laxatives and painkilling ointment.
In some cases, surgery may be recommended. During the surgery, the fissure and the sore tissue are removed.
Surgery is often very effective in treating fissures but it can have complications. The patient may lose temporary or permanent bowel control.
Lateral internal sphincterotomy is done to remove chronic anal fissure.
It is done laparoscopically. Dr. Sapan Jain at Shantiraj Hospital has experience of over 22 years in performing Laparoscopy. The world-class infrastructure and equipment along with Dr. Sapan Jain’s experience make Shantiraj hospital the best hospital for getting a Laparoscopic surgery done to remove anal Fissure.
By following simple measures, you can reduce the risk of getting an anal fissure. These measures include:
Anal fissures cause pain in bowel movements and sometimes bleeding also. Childbirth, constipation, anal sex, hard passing stools are some of the common symptoms. Previous anal surgeries, STIs, local cancers can also cause fissures.
Sometimes fissures can be treated at home by making some changes in the diet and following wound hygiene.
In case of severe fissures, getting the surgery done is the best choice. At Shantiraj, we have world-class infrastructure and equipment with an expert team of doctors to perform all kinds of surgeries.